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Phonemic Awareness





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Successful readers have solid foundations in phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. The goal of reading instruction is to enable students to metacognitively employ strategies independently and with automaticity while negotiating any reading task. This instruction must be explicit and systematic.


This website provides streamlined access to the 5 Big Ideas (the foundations of literacy) and specific strategies to address each of the areas.

For a brief overview of the 5 Big Ideas of Reading, please click here.


For text only version please click here.

If you have difficulty viewing this website please download Flash Player. You may either click here or go to www.macromedia.com

To view the video segments, please use Quicktime 7.0. If you do not have Quicktime 7.0, please download it at:


Hawai`i Department of Education
Office of Curriculum, Instruction and Student Support
Special Education Services Branch

If you have any questions or comments, please email Patricia Nichols at patricia_nichols@notes.k12.hi.us.

© 2004-2005 Hawai`i Department of Education
Revised 1/27/2005