Name of Strategy:† Multisensory Phonics
Purpose:† Multisensory phonics is one strategy† teachers should consider covering when students are unable to decode unknown words.† Our children need to be able to decode the words before we can work on understanding.† Phonics is presented by as many modalities (auditory, visual, tactile, and kinesthetic) as possible in every presentation.† Itís not just auditory for this lesson, then tactile for the next; how can you do auditory & tactile (and other senses) at the same time.†
Description of Strategy:
1. Phonemic awareness must be in place firstÖdo the students know the sounds (not the letters).†
2. State individual sounds, blend (utilize sand trays to write the letters in, trace letter/glue cards, trace in pudding/finger paint/hair gel, magnetic board etc)
3. Incorporate music, body movement/dance
Multisensory phonics for preschool to lower elementary can be done in a cute, motivating way.† The teacher can utilize the following:†
††††††††† Cassette tape with a song incorporating the alphabet, including hand motions
††††††††† Lesson plans utilizing art, role play, etc.
Multisensory phonics for preschool to high school Ė Programs available to cover scope & sequence sequentially.† The multisensory part of the program covers ideas such as writing the letters/words in a sand tray, tracing the letters with dried glue, writing the letters/words on a plastic bag filled with tempera paint or fluorescent colored hair gel. †
Notes:† Do not move on to the next lesson till the students have close to 100% accuracy.† Phonics is cumulative.
Donít get stuck on b/d/p reversals.†
Ideally, these multisensory phonics strategies should be used in conjunction with other programs which also address other areas of reading such as fluency and comprehension. †Also consider the individual needs of the student.